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Permanent Exhibition

Exposition permanente - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirLangensoultzbach and its region developed strongly in the times of Roman Gaul. Immigrants from the Southern France of Gaul, from the Rhone Valley and more especially from Lugdunum (Lyons) mixed with the autochthonous population .

fanum - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir Langensoultzbach owns its fanum (Gallo-Roman temple) dedicated to Mercury. Abandoned during the Christianisation of the territory, steles and other vestiges from the sanctuary take their place in the choir and the nave of the parochial church.
It is there that Jean - Daniel SCHOEPFLIN " historiographer of the King of France Louis the 15th " discovered them. He described a Mercury and a Mercury - Rosermerta association in his famous work 'Alsatia Illustrata' published in 1751.

Just after the demolition of the church in 1844, we can find " an altar with four Gods at the top of the fence's wall of the cemetery and bas-reliefs sealed in the wall above the altar " according to the historical and statistical topographic Dictionary of the Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin published in 1865. At the same time the author regrets that a Venus who was " the more perfect " was missing.

Five steles are embedded in the retaining wall below the church. Inclemency and saltpetre threatened them and, in 1986, they were sheltered from the bad weather.


" Gods, Goddesses and sanctuaries in the Northern Vosges "


Open every Sunday and public holidays
June 1 - September 30 2:30 pm-5:30 pm
Guided tours for groups, all the year on reservation (03 88 09 31 01) organized by the association of the protection of the heritage of Langensoultzbach

This exhibition belongs to the Regional Natural Park of the Northern Vosges museum's network.

Guided tours 2005:
May 10, June 12, July 14, August 2, August 15 and September 4 at 3 pm
in front of the entry of the vault contiguous to the church


maquettes - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir

Searching for equivalences of functions, the Gallic assimilated some Gallic gods to the Roman divinities. Mercury is the more honoured.

carte - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir

The archaeological finds have been listed on a map, what permits to realize the importance of the religions practised in Northern Vosges.

Chapelle - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir

The old Catholic chapel, restored and well appointed, welcome now these treated and restored steles (mineral deficiency), and the base of Jupiter's column as well.

To these vestiges, all listed as Historical Monuments in 1979, are added the archaeological elements views discovered in Langensoultzbach and preserved in the Archaeological Museum of Strasbourg.

Together, these witnesses are part of the present permanent exhibition of Langensoultzbach intended to evoke a faraway period, where cohabited in our region and in pax romana, Gods and Goddesses...

mur images - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir In a Roman Gaul which didn't let us any written material concerning life and beliefs of men, it is to shapes " sprung of the deep loves of matter and intelligence " that we owe the secret of the past.
Elie Faure


Mercure - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir
Bas-relief representing structural Mercury wearing on his head the 'petase' (hat with large sides decorated with wings), around the neck a torque (necklace), on a shoulder a mantelletta, on an arm a purse and in a hand a caduceus (stick surmounted of two wings and around which two snakes curl up).


Mercure - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir
Mercury, the god the more represented in Gaul, is shoed of winged sandals.
He carries the purse in the right hand, the left hand leans on a caduceus.

Eribante - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirRepresentation of a god, maybe the God of the Hell, Eribante.
He holds a sceptre. On his head he wears a crown.

 

 

 

Gallic house model (farm of the 2nd century), evocation of a part of the archaeological site of the Wasserwald where visitors can discover bases of farms and enclosures of this time (above Stambach - Saverne), with the column of Jupiter
maison gauloise - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir

chaudron de Gundestrup - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirChaudron de Gundestrup - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirCaldron of Gundestrup :

Faces present outside busts of God and Goddesses, inside scenes in which Gods and Goddesses have the main part. Some see Cernunnos, Taranis or Teutatès there.
The caldron is made with repousse vermeil and the patterns are the expression of a Celtic culture, specifically Gallic.
Caldron made probably in the North of Gaul, maybe in one of the religious centres, in the 1st century before J.C. (National museum of Copenhagen.

Tribans - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirTribans:
Figuration of a bearded masculine god in a niche, full face, wearing a crown with 3 spikes. He wears a tunic and a coat stapled on the right side. In his hand the God carries a shaft with an iron spear. On his left there was an object identifiable with difficulty which could be a bow or a shield.
This Tribanti God, as we can read the name with difficulty, could be an original figuration of Mars. This stele is unique in Gaul.

Mercure et Maia - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirBas-relief representing the divinities couple of Mercury and Rosermerta (or Maia), standing, fullface, in an oblong niche. Mercury is wearing the petase. He wears a coat on the shoulder and the left arm. Maia wears a tunic and a coat. Each holds a very full purse and a caduceus, main attributes of Mercury as God of the trade and wealth.
Maia is a very old Celtic goddess called Rosermerta by the Médiomatriques, the Trévires and the Lingons, on the other side of the Vosges. Named Maia in Alsace and in Palatinate she is also a divinity of the Greek mythology.
She is often represented with a peg (cup), a horn of abundance or a basket of fruits.

stèle des 4 Dieux - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir The stele of the 4 gods:
The block constituted the base of a column presenting in its top the Jupiter God riding and waving the thunderbolt to throw it on earth in order to make it productive, and trample a giant anguipède underfoot.
On the column base we can see: Juno, Hercules, Mercury and Minerve.
The complete monument is evoked by a beautiful reconstitution made with metallic elements.

In the Northern Vosges columns of Jupiter constitute, with steles of Mercury, the main religious monuments.
These monuments are placed in general in important crossroads and close to sanctuaries.

Hercule - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir Hercules
Bearded God, a skin of lion on the left shoulder, he probably leaned the right hand on a mass.
Mercury
The God is covered of the winged "pétase", a coat on the left shoulder. In the right hand he holds a purse and of the other hand a caduceus.
Mercure - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir
Junon - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir Juno
The goddess is standing, draped and veiled. She sacrifices with the right hand on an altar of which it only remains traces. On the left shoulder we can see a peacock.
Minerva
The Goddess is helmeted and draped. With the right hand she holds a spear, with the other hand, a shield. To the height of hers left shoulder we can guess an owl.
Minerve - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandir
Vosegus - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirVosegus, forest god and hunter:
Vosegus is in Antiquity at the same time the name of the Vosges and the name of the tutelary God of these mountains.
Here the God wears a tunic and a coat stapled on the right shoulder. He is shoed with ankle boots.


Vosegus - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirOn his left arm he carries a boar which could represent the young god Celtic Teutatès; an association being a matter for a myth of conciliation instituted by the Gallic clergy. The God carries in sling a bow and a quiver. At his feet we can guess a dog on the right, like Silvanus. He has got a small altar.

inscription funéraire - Cliquez sur la photo pour l'agrandirfuneral inscription of the end of the 2nd century:

«To, Attius Silvinus named Eglectus to Attiola his wife and to Silvestre his son who lived 16 years and to Léa his daughter-in-law, to the deceased Lanus, their grandson Silvinus Victor for himself and his family (built this monument). »

Silvinus Victor was probably a Roman legion officer.

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